How to Save Your Own Life: First-Aid Tips Everyone should Know
Are you suddenly experiencing a pressing pain on your chest, or have you accidentally cut your finger deeply while processing vegetables? Of course, you'll immediately notify someone nearby, or an ambulance, but these tips will help you stay alive in the meantime.
In an emergency situation, you face the highest risk of dying when alone, and even more so when you don't take affirmative action. The first ten minutes after something happens are therefore most crucial.
Of course, you cannot take action yourself in all situations, but these are the things you can do when you are in an emergency situation.
When something becomes stuck in your throat, the natural reflex is to try and cough it up. In most cases, this proves sufficient, especially when you bow your head forward when you do it. If the piece still remains stuck in your throat, it might help trying to apply some sort of Heimlich Manoeuvre on yourself. You can do this in one of the following ways.
1. By slamming your fist into your abdomen. Make a fist with one hand, and position this fist right above your belly button. Put your other hand on it flatly and push as hard as you can in short, rapid movements. Repeat this 5 times.
2. You can also always try applying the Heimlich Manoeuvre using a chair. Bend over a sturdy chair or table and push your abdomen down upon it in short, rapid movements. Make sure you see a doctor afterwards, to make sure that applying this manoeuvre hasn't caused any haemorrhages.
Depending on the size of the wound, it is possible to completely bleed out in less than a minute. Therefore, it is important that you always try and stop the bleeding of a large wound by using a clean towel (or another piece of cloth you can find). Then, try to keep the wound higher than your heart, because gravity will then make it a loss less easy for your body to pump blood to the wound.
Never try to apply a tourniquet, but leave this to professionals. Otherwise, you risk causing irreparable damage to your limbs.
First, try to staunch the bleeding by pressing the wound with a clean towel, and holding your hand above your head. Then, try to look for the severed finger, rinse it with clean water to remove bacteria, and wrap it in paper towels. Then put it in a bag of ice, and hurry over to the emergency service of the nearest hospital. It is important to first wrap the finger in paper towels, so that the ice does not cause permanent damage to the skin and cells of the severed limb.
Are you experiencing a sharp, pressing pain on your chest, then the right thing to do is call an ambulance right away. Then, chew on an aspirin (it works faster than swallowing one whole) and lie down with your head and shoulders slightly elevated.
Aspirin stops your blood from thickening, and thus prevents blood clots from growing. This way, you can prevent a heart attack.
While you're waiting for the ambulance, try to inhale deeply. This ensures your lungs receive enough oxygen and that your blood keeps flowing normally.
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